Science

Each half term each year group studies a unit within Science. These units have been created to develop our children's enthusiasm for and knowledge and understanding of science.

With a key emphasis on hands-on learning, children will develop their investigation skills while securing their grasp of key scientific principles. Children will have the opportunity to discover more about famous scientists and their discoveries, deepening their own understanding as they do so.

Through these engaging and in-depth units, children will foster a love of science and we will ensure complete curriculum coverage.

Key stage 1

The principal focus of science teaching in key stage 1 is to enable pupils to experience and observe phenomena, looking more closely at the natural and humanly constructed world around them. They are encouraged to be curious and ask questions about what they notice. They are helped to develop their understanding of scientific ideas by using different types of scientific enquiry to answer their own questions, including observing changes over a period of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple comparative tests, and finding things out using secondary sources of information. They begin to use simple scientific language to talk about what they have found out and communicate their ideas to a range of audiences in a variety of ways.

Most of the learning about science is done through the use of first-hand practical experiences, but there is also be some use of appropriate secondary sources, such as books, photographs and videos.

'Working scientifically' is described separately in the programme of study, but is always taught through and clearly related to the teaching of substantive science content in the programme of study. 

Pupils read and spell scientific vocabulary at a level consistent with their increasing word-reading and spelling knowledge at key stage 1.

 

Lower key stage 2 – years 3 and 4

The principal focus of science teaching in lower key stage 2 is to enable pupils to broaden their scientific view of the world around them. They do this through exploring, talking about, testing and developing ideas about everyday phenomena and the relationships between living things and familiar environments, and by beginning to develop their ideas about functions, relationships and interactions. They ask their own questions about what they observe and make some decisions about which types of scientific enquiry are likely to be the best ways of answering them, including observing changes over time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple comparative and fair tests and finding things out using secondary sources of information. They draw simple conclusions and use some scientific language, first, to talk about and, later, to write about what they have found out.

'Working scientifically' is described separately at the beginning of the programme of study, but is always taught through and clearly related to substantive science content in the programme of study. 

Pupils read and spell scientific vocabulary correctly and with confidence, using their growing word-reading and spelling knowledge.

Upper key stage 2 – years 5 and 6


The principal focus of science teaching in upper key stage 2 is to enable pupils to develop a deeper understanding of a wide range of scientific ideas. They do this through exploring and talking about their ideas; asking their own questions about scientific phenomena; and analysing functions, relationships and interactions more systematically.

At upper key stage 2, they encounter more abstract ideas and begin to recognise how these ideas help them to understand and predict how the world operates. They also begin to recognise that scientific ideas change and develop over time. They select the most appropriate ways to answer science questions using different types of scientific enquiry, including observing changes over different periods of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out comparative and fair tests and finding things out using a wide range of secondary sources of information. Pupils draw conclusions based on their data and observations, use evidence to justify their ideas, and use their scientific knowledge and understanding to explain their findings.

'Working and thinking scientifically' is described separately at the beginning of the programme of study, but is always be taught through and clearly related to substantive science content in the programme of study. 

Pupils read, spell and pronounce scientific vocabulary correctly.